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Adventure Therapy


Adventure therapy uses outdoor activities to create challenging situations for its participants. Pursuits such as rock-climbing, canoeing and parasailing are intended to provide a sense of risk in a controlled environment. Adventure practitioners believe that such environments encourage behavioural changes that can be transferred to everyday life.

History

Adventure therapy can be traced back to the Outward Bound program, founded by Kurt Hahn in 1940. It was intended to improve young people's confidence and self-esteem through mental and physical excursion. The Project Adventure program of the 1970s was an advancement of the OB concept and was a major influence on adventure based therapy.

Approach

Adventure based therapy derives from a strand of theories collectively known as experiential education/experiential learning. Students learn through genuine experiences that provide benefits and consequences. Self reflection is a key component of this approach, helping participants to develop new skills and attitudes that can resolve issues. Experiential learning has its roots in Constructivist theory.

How can it help?

Adventure therapy, also known as Wilderness therapy is often used to help disaffected young people develop better social skills and improve self esteem. It is effective at improving communication skills and building trust between individuals and groups. Adventure therapy is used extensively with adolescents, especially those experiencing problems like depression and anxiety.It is also useful for addressing trust issues within families.





Adventure Therapy resources

Adventure Learning UK

Association for Experiential Education

 
Therapy Guide

Adventure

Analytical

Art

Behavioural

Brief

Client-centred

Cognitive

Cognitive behavioural

Creative Arts

Dance

Dialectical

Dream

Drama

Equine

Existential

Expressive

Family systems

Feminist

Gestalt

Group

Humanistic

Integrative

Interpersonal

Music

Narrative

Play

Primal

Provocative

Psychodynamic

Rational Emotive

Reality

Schema

Solution focused

Transactional Analysis
 
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